What is Neurosurgery?
Neurosurgery is a surgical specialty that provides surgical options to address conditions affecting the central and peripheral nervous system. The central nervous system in humans comprises of the brain (together with the nerves existing from it) and spinal cord. Whereas the spinal nerves arising from the cord and traveling out from there represent the peripheral nervous system.  Additionally, neurosurgery also addresses issues concerning the skull and spine, and dealing with them surgically.
Who and when should seek help?
Those afflicted by conditions such as neurotrauma ( head and spine trauma ), neuro-oncological diseases i.e. brain and spine tumors, neurovascular disorders ( brain haemorrhages or bleeding strokes, aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations), degenerative diseases affecting the spine and discs, neuro-infections and paediatric neurological conditions.
What are the treatments and surgical procedures offered?

Neurosurgery utilises open surgical techniques such as craniotomies, open and minimally invasive spinal procedures, and neuroendoscopes to treat the aforementioned conditions.

During these procedures, neurosurgeons use high-powered microscopes and microinstruments to perform various surgeries, including tumour excisions (cranial and spinal), surgeries for haemorrhagic strokes, aneurysms, AVMs, neuroinfections, CSF shunting procedures for adult and paediatric conditions, and surgeries for neurotrauma.

Neuroendoscopes are also employed for certain conditions that are appropriate for their use. Additionally, neurosurgeons perform surgeries for spinal conditions such as degenerative diseases of the spine, and they also treat pain-related issues arising from spinal degenerative diseases using radiofrequency techniques.