The area of Infectious Diseases deals with a range of infectious disease problems caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. Infectious diseases may be acquired locally from the community, during travel, through occupational exposure or from other environments. Examples include pneumonia, dengue fever, HIV, tuberculosis, influenza, sexually transmissible infections, viral hepatitis, infections in the immunocompromised, tropical and travel-related infections, and other serious community and hospital-acquired infections.

Infectious diseases specialists provide valuable insights into the necessary tests and examinations for diagnosing infections and gaining a deeper understanding of them. Their expertise extends to preventing infection recurrence or transmission. Based on this guidance, suitable treatments are chosen, and preventive measures are put in place.